Hepatitis B and HIV co-infection- experience in a rurul/suburban health center in Nigeria

Salami T. AT, Babatope I. O, Adewuyi G. M, Samuel S. O, Echekwube P. O

Abstract


Hepatitis B virus shares similar transmission patterns and risk factors with the human immune deficiency (HIV) virus. Both are endemic in Nigeria and co infection is likely. All adult patients that are HIV positive seen in the adult ART clinic over a six month period were investigated for hepatitis B infection by screening for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAG) as well as other baseline investigation such as CD4 count. There were 53 patients that tested positive for HBSAG out of a total of 1800 HIV positive patients enrolled in care during this period, giving a co infection prevalence rate of 3.2%. There were 36 males and 21 females, giving a male: female ratio of 1.7:1. The mean age was 36 ±16.6. The co infection rate in this centre is lower to that reported in other centres perhaps because of the suburban location of Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua. The sex distribution and CD4 counts are however similar to that reported by other studies.

 

Key Words: Hepatitis B, HIV co-infection. rural/sub urban, health centre.


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