Partial characterization of metal resistant bacillus Spp. isolated from electroplating effluent sediments

  • Mahalingam P. U Department of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Ranjithkumar M. Department of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Ramalakshmi P. Department of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract

Biosorption is an effective technology using bacteria to remove heavy metals from various industrial effluents. The present study includes physicochemical characterization of industrial effluent, isolation and identification of metal resistant bacteria and ability of bacteria to absorb the metal ions. Electroplating industrial effluent was collected from Meena electroplating industry, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India and analyzed various physicochemical characteristics through the determination of pH, temperature, TSS, TDS, BOD, COD, Dissolved Oxygen, Chloride and Hardness. Followed by metal resistant bacteria was isolated from electroplating effluents contaminated soil sediments and identified using standard methods. Further, the study characterized the growth of Bacillus sp in zinc containing electroplating industrial effluents with various environmental conditions such as various pH (pH 5, pH 7 and pH 9), different temperatures (20°C, 30°C and 40°C) and various concentration of effluent (15%, 20% and 25%). It was found that Bacillus sp shown the better growth in zinc containing electroplating industrial effluents in pH 7 at 30°C. Keywords: Heavy metals, Biosorption, Zinc, Bacillus sp, Electroplating effluents.

Author Biographies

Mahalingam P. U, Department of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, India
Department of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, India
Ranjithkumar M., Department of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, India
Department of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, India
Ramalakshmi P., Department of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, India
Department of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, India

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Published
2017-03-26
Section
Article