Cyanobacteria as a potential source of phycoremediation from textile industry effluent

  • S. David Noel Dept of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamilnadu, India
  • M. R. Rajan Dept of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamilnadu, India
  • P. Siva kumar Dept of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamilnadu, India

Abstract

Application of Cyanobacteria in the remediation of textile industry effluent can be a cost effective and a bestalternative for costly and laborious physical and chemical methods of effluent treatment. This paper deals with the application of four native species of Cyanobacteria in the reduction of various physico-chemical parameters from the untreated textile industry effluent. Effluent samples collected from textile industry located in Chinnalapatty, Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu, India, were subjected in present investigation. Native Cyanobacteriel species such as Nostoc muscorum, Anabaena variabilis, Lyngbya majuscula and Oscillatoria salina were used for biotreatment which were cultured in BG11 media and inoculated onto the untreated effluent. A significant raise in pH value and reduction in COD, BOD, Ca, Mg, sulphate, zinc, nickel and Color was observed in 25 days of treatment. From the results, it is evident that Cyanobacteria can effectively remediate the pollutants from textile industry effluent. Keywords: Cyanobacteria, Textile industry, COD, BOD, Decolourization

Author Biographies

S. David Noel, Dept of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamilnadu, India
Dept of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamilnadu, India
M. R. Rajan, Dept of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamilnadu, India
Dept of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamilnadu, India
P. Siva kumar, Dept of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamilnadu, India
Dept of Biology, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamilnadu, India

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Published
2017-03-27
Section
Article