Evaluation of organisms causing vaginitis in high risk group with special reference to Trichomonas vaginalis

  • Vani Majji Department of Microbiology, Osmania General Hospital, Telangana, India
  • G. Sasikala Department of Microbiology, Osmania General Hospital, Telangana, India

Abstract

The present study aims at determining the etiological agents of abnormal vaginal discharge in high risk women. A total of 200 women aged 18-50 years with vaginal discharge were studied. Women attending the TI, FSW, NGO camps (34 cases) and STD lab, Osmania General Hospital (126 cases) were included in the high risk category. Women attending gynecology OPD (40 cases) were also studied. Vaginal secretions were collected from the posterior fornix with a sterile polyethylene pipette and were subjected to the following tests - pH, whiff test, wet mount, KOH mount, Gram stain, Giemsa stain, Papanicolaou stain and culture on SDA and Kupferberg medium. The most common vaginal infection was Bacterial vaginosis. It was observed in 43% of the high risk cases and 50% of gynecology OPD cases. Vaginal Candidiasis was the second most common infection. It was observed in 28% of the high risk cases and 20% of gynecology OPD cases. Trichomonas vaginalis was seen in 12.5% of the high risk cases and 5% of the gynecology OPD cases. Vaginal Candidiasis, Trichomoniasis and mixed infections were found to be significantly higher in high risk category. The prevalence of vaginal infections was found to be high in the age group of 25-29 and low in > 44 age group. Out of 200 cases, 22 were positive for Trichomoniasis, showing a prevalence of 11%. There was no single case of Trichomoniasis in women >40 years of age. Key words: Bacterial vaginosis, Candidiasis, Trichomoniasis.

Author Biographies

Vani Majji, Department of Microbiology, Osmania General Hospital, Telangana, India
Department of Microbiology, Osmania General Hospital, Telangana, India
G. Sasikala, Department of Microbiology, Osmania General Hospital, Telangana, India
Department of Microbiology, Osmania General Hospital, Telangana, India

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Published
2017-03-31
Section
Article