Detection and prevalence of Candida isolates among patients in Ibadan, Southwestern Nigeria

  • Alli JAO Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, Nigeria.
  • Okonko IO Department of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, P.M.B 5323 Port Harcourt, River State, Nigeria.
  • Odu NN Department of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, P.M.B 5323 Port Harcourt, River State, Nigeria
  • Kolade AF Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, Nigeria.
  • Nwanze JC Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Igbinedion University, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria.

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to detect and determine the prevalence of Candida isolates among patients attending special treatment clinic at UCH in Ibadan, Nigeria. Methods and results: A total of one hundred patients (47 males and 53 females) of different ages and socioeconomic status attending special treatment clinic at University College Hospital, Ibadan, were enrolled in this study. Samples of high vaginal swab (HVS) were collected per participant and processed using standard bacteriological methods. A total of 22 Candidaisolates were obtained in this study, of which 12 (60.0%) were predominantly Candida albican and 10(40.0%) was Candida species. The isolates were obtained from majority (20.0%) of the subjects who presented with vaginitis/vaginal discharges, 18.0% presented with urethral itching/urethral discharges, 7.0% had clinical symptoms of candidiasis, 5.0% gonococcal urethtitis, 3.0% had haematuria and infertility, 2.0% had PID and 1.0% had dysuria while 22.0% did not state their clinical presentations and 19.0% came for check ups.Conclusion and application of findings: Extremely high prevalence of Candida albican and Candida species were documented in this study. Although the prevalence of these organisms was high, it was similar to that found in other parts of Nigeria. These findings should be taken into account in further research concerning presence of Candida isolates among patients with sexually transmitted diseases in Nigeria. Key words: Candida albican, Candida species, pathogens colonization, HVS, STDs, Nigeria

Author Biographies

Alli JAO, Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, Nigeria.
Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, Nigeria.
Okonko IO, Department of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, P.M.B 5323 Port Harcourt, River State, Nigeria.
Department of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, P.M.B 5323 Port Harcourt, River State, Nigeria.
Odu NN, Department of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, P.M.B 5323 Port Harcourt, River State, Nigeria
Department of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, P.M.B 5323 Port Harcourt, River State, Nigeria
Kolade AF, Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, Nigeria.
Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, Nigeria.
Nwanze JC, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Igbinedion University, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria.
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Igbinedion University, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria.

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Published
2017-03-31
Section
Article